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Assessment KS1: statutory requirements

Last updated on 14 December 2021

Statutory requirements

At the end of Key Stage 1, only Teacher Assessments are submitted (reading, writing, maths and science) - not test results. Likewise it is just the teacher assessments that must be reported to parents.

However it is statutory that the tests are administered and used as part of the evidence base for forming a teacher assessment. Teachers must use the official and most recent KS1 test (produced by STA) for every child in reading and maths, with the exception of children unable to access the tests. (This includes children working at too low a standard to be able to access the tests and children unable to access them for any other reason.) The Grammar, Punctuation & Spelling test is optional.

These tests must be administered during May, and must form part of the evidence base used by teachers when forming their teacher assessments, in conjunction with their own professional knowledge of each child.


The term ‘Disapplication’ has been widely misused or misunderstood over the years. It does not apply to the context of tests and is now no longer applied in teacher assessment either.

The only correct usage of the term ‘disapplication’ in an assessment context is where a child has been disapplied from all or part of the National Curriculum. This is an extremely rare occurrence, as the National Curriculum is intended to be inclusive. A child can only be disapplied from the National Curriculum by applying to the Secretary of State for Education. More information about disapplication can be found here:

Gov.UK: Disapplying aspects of the national curriculum

Where a child does not meet any of the standards set out within the Teacher Assessment Framework, teachers should assess them using the Pre-Key Stage Standards. If children are working below the Pre-Key Stage Standards, they should be assessed using the Engagement Model.

Children not able to access the KS1 tests

If a child is working below the standard of the test - meaning that they would be unable to answer even the very easiest questions - they should not be entered for the test.

If a child could access the test given appropriate access arrangements, these arrangements should be put in place for the child.

If a child is working at the standard of the test, but unable to access the test for any reason (even with access arrangements in place) then the child should not be entered for the test.

For more information on all of the above, please see the KS1 Assessment & Reporting Arrangements:

Gov.UK: 2022 key stage 1: assessment and reporting arrangements (ARA)

Removing children’s results from the school’s data

Unlike at KS2, there is no official process for removing children’s results from the school’s data. This is because KS1 data is not published in the public domain.

If a child has joined the school at a late stage during KS1, and the school wishes to illustrate its results with the late entrant filtered out, this can be done using the school’s own data system.

It is also possible to customise the data in Analyse School Performance and in FFT Aspire.

First published 21 August 2020 - Last updated on 14 December 2021